BT603 GDB 1 Solution and Discussion

Total Marks 5
Starting Date Monday, August 19, 2019
Closing Date Tuesday, August 20, 2019
Status Open
Question Title Process Organism selection
Question Description
Which of the following is preferable method for accurate identification of bacteria?

Phenotypic method
Genotypic method
Support your answer with five well-versed statements.

Important Instructions:

  1. Your discussion must be based on logical facts.

  2. Your comments on the topic should not exceed 200-250 words.

  3. The GDB will remain open for 2 working days/ 48 hours.

  4. Do not copy or exchange your answer with other students. Two identical / copied comments will be marked Zero (0) and may damage your grade in the course.

  5. Obnoxious or ignoble answer should be strictly avoided.

  6. Questions / queries related to the content of the GDB, which may be posted by the students on MDB or via e-mail, will not be replied till the due date of GDB is over.

Ø For Detailed Instructions please see the GDB Announcement

@zareen said in BT603 GDB 1 Solution and Discussion:

Which of the following is preferable method for the long term storage of Microoraganisms?

Microbial resource centers and preservation research … Lyophilization is the preferred long-term preservation method in most MRCs due to the …

Lyophilization is the preferred long-term preservation method in most MRCs due to the low cost of maintenance and ease of transportation of lyophilized cultures. Lyophilization gives satisfactory results for the preservation of many bacteria, yeast and sporulating fungi, but does not adequately preserve non-sporulating fungi (vegetative hyphae), some species of yeast (Lipomyces, Leucosporidium, Brettanomyces, Dekkera, Bulleera, Sporobolomyces) and certain bacteria [Aquaspirillum serpens, Clostridium botulinum, Helicobacter pylori; Smith et al., 2008)]. Lyophilization exerts stress on the cells during vacuum desiccation, and cells raised under stress may respond better to lyophilization (Morgan et al., 2006; Smith et al., 2008). For instance, a culture at stationary phase and low pH condition survived better during lyophilization than did cells in log phase grown at circumneutral pH (Palmfeldt & Hahn-Hagerdal, 2000; Corcoran et al., 2004). However, the above-mentioned generalization is not true for all groups of bacteria (Boumahdi et al., 1999). In general, a suspension medium with 1 × 108 cell mL−1 or more gives a better recovery, whereas glass-forming cryoprotectants are preferred over a eutectic crystallization salt (palmfeldt et al., 2003; Morgan et al., 2006). Although techniques of lyophilization are well established, optimization of lyoprotectants and suspension media are still necessary for certain microorganisms (Crowe et al., 1998; Miyamoto-Shinohara et al., 2000; Carvalho et al., 2003; Gomez Zavaglia et al., 2003; Streeter, 2003; Berner & Viernstein, 2006; Tindall, 2007; Siaterlis et al., 2009). An ideal suspension medium for lyophilization should contain lyoprotectants and matrix materials or excipients. The use of stationary phase cultures, borosilicate ampules, a 1–2% final moisture content of the lyophilized specimen, and storage at 4 °C in the dark are recommended for higher cell viability and longer stability with lyophilization (Morgan et al., 2006; Smith et al., 2008).

Both cryopreservation and lyophilization have advantages and disadvantages, and the response of preservation varies by species. Even different strains of the same species may respond differently to the same preservation method. The viability and longevity of microorganisms under preservation depends on some critical factors: (1) composition of the suspension and rehydration medium, (2) type of cryoprotectant used, (3) rate of cooling and thawing, (4) growth stage of the culture, (5) cell size and type, lipid content, water content, and initial density of cells (De Kievit et al., 2001; Hubalek, 2003; Ren et al., 2004; Morgan et al., 2006; Smith et al., 2008; Chian, 2010)
Reff

Which of the following is preferable method for the long term storage of Microoraganisms?

The best method for preserving and storing most microorganisms and cells is freezing in the vapor phase of liquid nitrogen (-130 °C and lower). This method is more expensive than freeze drying, but it has a better survival and recovery rate.

Which of the following is preferable method for the long term storage of Microoraganisms?

  1. Storage under liquid nitrogen
  2. Lyophilization

Support your answer with five well-versed statements.