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Following points would be considered while making solution regarding the focus of the media hegemony theory of foreign news agencies and news channels on our news channels regarding dissemination of national information:
Gramsci’s conception of hegemony is rooted in the notion that the dominant social group in a society has the capacity to exercise intellectual and moral direction over society at large and to build a new system of social alliances to support its aims.
Gramsci argued that military force was not necessarily the best instrument to retain power for the ruling classes, but that a more effective way of wielding power was to build consent by ideological control of cultural production and distribution.
According to Gramsci, such a system exists when a dominant social class exerts moral and intellectual leadership - through its control of such institutions as schools, religious bodies and the mass media - over both allied and subordinate classes.
Social and intellectual authority is exercised by the government ‘with the consent of the governed - but with this consent organized, and not generic and vague’ in such a fashion that its right to govern is rarely challenged seriously.
The ‘state does have and request consent but it also “educates” this consent’.
One of the most important functions of the state, Gramsci wrote in his Prison Notebooks, ‘is to raise the great mass of the population to a particular cultural and moral level, a level (or type) which corresponds to the needs of the productive forces for development, and hence to the interests of the ruling classes’. Schools, courts and a multitude of ‘initiatives and activities … form the apparatus of the political and cultural hegemony of the ruling classes’. This, he argued, was in contrast with a situation in which the dominant class merely rules, that is, coercively imposes its will on subordinate classes. This consent thus manufactured, however, cannot simply be assumed or guaranteed and has to be renewed, indicating that hegemony is more of a process - which is to be continually reproduced, secured and lost - rather than an achieved state of affairs.
The notion of hegemony is widely used to conceptualize political functions of the mass media, as a key player in propagating and maintaining the dominant ideology and also to explain the process of media and communication production, with dominant ideology shaping production of news and entertainment. Thus, though the media are notionally free from direct government control, yet they act as agents of legitimization of the dominant ideology. The communication channels and news agencies of developing countries are dependent on foreign content/ developed nations’ information. So foreign content influenced the channels of developing countries. Media hegemony established through the control on information.
Is it true or wrong to say that an object with zero acceleration has velocity? Either yes or no explicate it with example.
Ans: . The velocity and acceleration of a particle do not depend on each other (however rate of change of velocity with respect to time gives acceleration ) i.e if velocity is zero acceleration may or may not be zero or vice versa.
Consider a simple example when we start a vehicle, initially we have zero velocity but have non-zero acceleration(that is why vehicle will start moving).
2.If we drop a ball from some height above the earth surface the velocity at that instant is zero but acceleration in non zero (gravity) which acts downward. The acceleration would increase the velocity in some time.
Can we say that an object with zero velocity have acceleration?
Either yes or no explicate it with example.
Ans: Yes, an object can have zero velocity and still be accelerating simultaneously.
Consider an object moving in the forward direction. suddenly a force actson it and tries to acceleration the object in the backward direction . when you observe the object, you will find that the object will continue to move forward for some time and then stops momentarily. Then the object will start to move in the backward direction.
Is it wrong or correct to say that, if an object has constant acceleration, it has a constant velocity? Either yes or no explicate it with example.
Ans: An object with a constant acceleration should not be confused with an object with a constant velocity.
If an object is changing its velocity whether by a constant amount or a varying amount then it is an acceleration object. And an object with a constant velocity is not accelerating.
Q.2 Estimate the soccer ball‘s speed immediately after being kicked off if its mass is
As we know acceleration is equal to a =∆𝒗/∆𝒕
Velocity = 256 / 0.5×time
Velocity = 256 / 0.5×1
Velocity = 512km/s