PART 1: SOLUTION
Under the provisions of the Contract Act, 1872 this is a valid contract. Because according to the Scope of Contract under sec. 2(h) and the Proposal or Offer base on the following.The offer must be communicated to the other party. According to section 4 of the Act, the communication of a proposal is complete when it comes to the knowledge of the person to whom it is made. 1. The terms of the offer must be definite and clear 2. The offer must be capable of creating legal relationships. 3. The offer must be made to obtain acceptance. An invitation to receive an offer is not an offer. Yes, Aftab would be able to claim the amount of reward under the circumstances because he has evidence in the newspapers form and he can easily claim about Badar so this contract imposed by enforceable by law.
PART 2: SOLUTION
As we know that according to the contract act of 1872 a promise and Consideration section 2 (g), All of the agreements are not contracts, meaning thereby that all agreements are not enforceable at law. Such agreements are called void agreements. So this is Void Agreement and this agreement not enforceable by law is said to be void agreement.Yes, it is possible and enforceable by law in this situation if this agreement with a written form or registered so than Aftab can claim and imposed this agreement by law if Mohsin breach this contract or Promise.
PART 3: SOLUTION
The contract should not be performed because the horse died through a natural death so the contract should over. If this contract in written and register from so according to act 1872 B can claim about Mr. A and then this contract would enforceable by law and called to be Valid contract. So an agreement made by the parties which are not legally competent to enter into the contract is not enforceable at law that is void. Here are a Scope of Promise –Sec. 2 (b)
• Promise under the Act stands for an accepted proposal • Acceptance of a conditional offer leads to acceptance of the proposal. • Communication of offer is necessarily leading to acceptance or otherwise. • If the accepted offer requires that terms of the contract are to be reduced into writing, in such circumstances writing of a contract would only constitute the completion of the formalities and shall not have any effect on the validity of acceptance.
PART 4: SOLUTION
No this is not a valid contract because for the contract both parties must be agreed, the promisee and promisor and that contract did without forcefully. If Y doesn’t want to sell his house and X threaten him forcefully to sold his house so in this situation the second party is not agreed so the proposal not be accepted by 2nd party and without acceptable proposal and consideration promises and the contract could not be made.
PART 5: SOLUTION
Yes, this contract is valid because one party Asif is giving offers or proposals to second party Basit and Basit accept this proposal without forcefully and as we know that without proposal and consideration promise or contract could not be made.
Here are the following essentials of Valid Contract:1. These are outlined below:2. Offer and acceptance3. Legal relationship4. Legal consideration5. Competent parties6. Free consent of the parties7. Lawful Object8. Terms of an agreement to be complete and certain9. Possibility of performance10. Contract to be got registered & in writing, wherever required
BT735 Assignment 1 Solution and Discussion
BT735 – Advances in Fermentation Technology
• As part of your course grading, you are required to submit a review article during the semester.
• This exercise is meant to inculcate in you the research temperament and skills by carrying out a deep study of any research topic/area relevant to this course.
• Write a review article on
“Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria as Biofertilizer”
Following are the details of academic research paper/review paper: requirements, deadlines and marks.
For any question please contact [email protected]
Review Paper Requirements:
Following are the requirements for the academic research paper:
a) Paper Length
Your paper should not be less than 6 pages and not more than 12 pages.
b) Quality of Writing
The clarity and style of expression, the degree to which your paper obeys the rules to
formal academic grammar, punctuation, spelling, formatting details like paragraph indentation and location of page breaks, are part of quality of writing. Write and edit your review carefully for good organization, clear language with good spelling, punctuation, etc.
Your academic review paper must have these sections: Abstract, Introduction, Related work, discussion and Conclusion. You must have to follow format (especially of writing references in the text and at end of research paper under the title of ‘References’) as described by “Journal of Biological Dynamics” of Taylor & Francis Group strictly. The format is available at this link (http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tjbd20/current) under the heading of “Submit …Instructions for authors”.
The pattern of references can be accessed at http://www.tandfonline.com/action/authorSubmission?journalCode=tjbd20&page=instructions#References. Please click on reference guide under the heading of references, when preparing your paper.
• Use line spacing 1.5.
No academic research paper will be accepted without mentioned format.
You must have to study published research papers (minimum 20). The references of published research papers and books are allowed. Any unauthorized materials’ references will not be acceptable.
You can access Research Papers on your VULMS account using link [HEC Digital Library], Google Scholar and other online free research paper repositories (Some Journals are: Journal of Biotechnology, Journal of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Virus gene, Virology Journal, Journal of Genetics & Genomics, Genome Biology & Evolution Journal, Journal of Genomics, etc.).
Submission and Deadlines
Students are required to finalize and submit their academic research paper/review paper by January 02, 2020.
• The assignment is of 50 marks.
As the review article carries 20% of the total course grade, therefore it must contain implementation results of the proposed research idea. Similarly, in case of a review paper the “Discussion” section must contain student’s comments/conclusions and future research agenda regarding the domain being reviewed.
Warning: Write in your own words, do not copy-paste. Plagiarism is not acceptable. In case plagiarism is found, you will be awarded ZERO marks. No excuse will be accepted in this regard. For further understanding about plagiarism, please follow the links:
Little Book of Plagiarism
HEC Policy about plagiarism.
For further information and guidelines on writing a research paper, please follow the link: Guidelines and Requirements for Writing a Research Paper
• The assignment no 2 of your course will be based on this assignment so students who fail to submit this assignment will automatically get Zero Marks in second assignment.
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