• Cyberian's Gold

    Assignment No. 02
    Semester: Fall 2019
    CS625 – Professional Practices
    Total Marks: 15

    Due Date: 6/12/2019

    Assignment no. 2 covers Lectures of Week# 4 to 6.

    Objectives of Assignment:

    • To understand the idea of Intellectual Property Rights.

    Uploading instructions:

    • Your assignment must be in .doc format.(Any other formats like scan images, PDF, Zip, rar, bmp, docx etc will not be accepted).
    • No assignment will be accepted through email.

    Rules for Marking:

    It should be clear that your assignment will not get any credit if:

    • The assignment is submitted after due date.
    • The submitted assignment does not open or file is corrupted.
    • Your assignment is copied from internet, handouts or from any other student
    (Strict disciplinary action will be taken in this case).

    Question: 15 Marks (5+5+5)

    Patent and Copyrights are very important sections of the Intellectual Property Rights.

    a) Define Patent and Copyrights and give at least one proper example of each.
    b) State at least 5 differences between Patent and Copyrights.
    c) Can we protect an idea using Intellectual Property Rights? Justify your answer with valid reasoning.

    NOTE: Submit “.doc” file only. Every student should provide his/her own work, exact copying of the assignment (or some portion of the assignment) from the internet or other students will lead to copy case and zero marks will be awarded. Do not put any query on MDB about this assignment, if you have any query, then email us at [email protected]

    Your assignment must be uploaded/submitted on or before 6th December 2019.

  • Cyberian's Gold

    @zareen said in CS625 Assignment 2 Solution and Discussion:

    c) Can we protect an idea using Intellectual Property Rights? Justify your answer with valid reasoning.


  • Cyberian's Gold

    @zareen said in CS625 Assignment 2 Solution and Discussion:

    b) State at least 5 differences between Patent and Copyrights.

    Patents refer to an invention, whereas copyrights refer to the expression of an idea, such as an artistic work. They are governed by different rules, so it is important to know which is applicable to your works.

    Copyrights protect the expression of ideas. Artistic works are generally considered to be expressions of ideas – books, paintings, songs, movies, and computer programs are examples. Copyright will not protect the process through which a particular work was created or the use of information within it (instructions, etc.).

    Cookbooks are often used to illustrate the difference between the expression of an idea and the idea itself. Cookbooks cannot be reproduced without permission because they are an expression of ideas (the recipes). However, people can still follow the recipes in the cookbook because they are replicating the ideas contained in the literary work. If the recipes were protected by a patent, users would need permission to follow them, since patents protect particular ideas from being used without authorization.
    Components of copyright

    Copyright contains moral rights and economic rights. Economic rights include the right to copy or publish a work or any substantial part of it. Moral rights include the right to the integrity of the work and the right to be listed as its author (though this is subject to certain limitations).

    The author does not lose these rights when they allow their work to be copied or published. Moral rights can be waived, but they cannot be assigned to others.
    Term of Copyright

    Generally in Canada, copyright expires fifty years after the death of the author. However, there are certain exceptions. For example, with live performances and sound recordings, copyright expires fifty years after the initial performance under s. 23 (1) of the Copyright Act.
    Registration of copyright

    Copyright occurs automatically. However, registering your copyright with the Canadian Intellectual Property Office may make it easier to prove ownership in the event of a conflict. For more information, including the requirements for registration, visit the guide to copyrights on the Canadian Intellectual Property Office’s website here.

    A patent is a right, granted by the government, to exclude others from making, using, or selling your invention. Patents protect inventions such as new processes, machines, or chemicals. The central idea is that patents protect ideas, not just expressions of them. The main effect of patents is to give their holders the right to challenge any use of the invention by a third party. He thereby gave a temporary monopoly of exploitation which can be understood as a financial incentive for inventive industrial activities.
    Registering Patents

    Patents must be registered. If you invent something and fail to register it, another person who independently invents or discovers your invention can patent it. There are 3 general requirements for patentability: (1) the invention must be novel, (2) it must be useful, and (3) it must show ingenuity (i.e. not be obvious). Patents expire for 20 years after the filing date, at which point they must be re-registered.

    Patents registered in Canada only prevent the use of your patent within Canada. However, patents can also be registered internationally. For more information, visit the guide to patents on the Canadian Intellectual Property Office’s website here.

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  • Cyberian's Gold

    @zareen said in CS625 Assignment 2 Solution and Discussion:

    a) Define Patent and Copyrights and give at least one proper example of each.

    What’s Copyright?

    A copyright is a collection of rights automatically vested to you once you have created an original work. To understand how these rights can be used or licensed, it is helpful to analogize them to a bundle of sticks, where each stick represents a separate right vested to you as the owner. These rights include the right to reproduce the work, to prepare derivative works, to distribute copies, to perform the work publicly, and to display the work publicly.
    As the copyright owner, you have the authority to keep each “stick,” to transfer them individually to one or more people, or to transfer them collectively to one or more people. This can be accomplished through licensing, assigning, and other forms of transfers. The power of copyright allows you to choose the way your work is made available to the public.

    What’s Patent?

    The primary goal of the patent law is to encourage innovation and commercialization of technological advances. Patent law incentivizes inventors to publicly disclose their inventions in exchange for certain exclusive rights. A patent protects inventions. These inventions can include new and useful processes, machines, manufactures, compositions of matter as well as improvements to these. Certain computer programs may fall within the subject matter protected by both patents and copyrights. In this respect the patent system compliments copyright protection by providing protection for functional aspects of the software, which are not protected by copyright. Unlike with copyright protection, to get patent protection one must first apply for and be granted a patent from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Unlike the copyright registration process, the patent application process is expensive, complex, difficult, and time consuming and generally should not be attempted without the assistance of an experienced patent attorney or agent.

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