There is an urgent need for policy makers to adopt a cautious perspective when dealing with the recent revival of protectionism. The changing policy context of global competition requires that emphasis be placed on facilitating broad-based innovation. This is in sharp contrast to the current and past industrial policies that were based on import substitution and sector-picking. This paper briefly outlines Pakistan’s experience with industrial policy over the past 6 decades, and shows how protectionist industrial and trade policy regimes are ineffective with respect to equipping Pakistan to compete globally. The paper also outlines global best practices with reference to designing an enabling industrial policy and suggests policy reforms that are appropriate in the political and global context of Pakistan. There also exist contrary views about the scope and composition of industrial policy even within the government functionaries. There is a dire need for a shared vision and deeper consensus building. Thus this paper aims to highlight the radical contrast in perspectives that exists between the current policy of the ministry of industries and a policy conducive to a prosperous Pakistan.
BNK612 Assignment 1 Solution and Discussion
SEMESTER FALL 2019
FINANCIAL JURISPRUDENCE IN ISLAM (BNK612)
DUE DATE: 02ND DECEMBER, 2019 MARKS: 10
The objective of this assignment is to enable the students to understand the forms of Fraud in Islamic Sharia’h.
Under Islamic Sharia’h, apart from Riba, Gharar and Maysir; Fraud causing misrepresentation is also forbidden in business transactions. Muslim jurists have discussed various types of fraud/deception, which make the contract voidable on part of buyer. Consider the following situations and answer the given questions.
A butcher used to sell the meat after excessive watering in order to increase weight and to give impression of fresh meat.
A real estate agent while dealing with his potential client deliberately bid for 15 million for a house which is higher than the market value. To give the impression of fair dealing, two of his agents deliberately offered 15.5 million to induce the client to pay higher than the actual market price.
Keeping in view the types of Fraud in Islamic Jurisprudence laws, answer the following questions
i. Briefly explain what type of Fraud is involved in above mentioned cases?
ii. What is the legal status of the transactions caused by such deception and fraud? Also discuss the view of
all four schools of thought (Hanafi, Hanbali, Shafai, Maliki) on the given scenario?
iii. In order to give the innocent party right to revoke the transaction, what conditions should be fulfilled to
prove an act of fraud?
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