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Objective Questions and MCQs Solved


  • Cyberian's

    Question
    Identify the statement which best defines the fuzzy sets.

    Fuzzy sets, unlike classical sets, restrict themselves to something lying wholly in either set A or in set not-A.
    Fuzzy sets, like classical sets, restrict themselves to something lying wholly in either set A or in set not-A.
    Fuzzy sets, unlike classical sets, do not restrict themselves to something lying wholly in either set A or in set A.
    Fuzzy sets, unlike classical sets, do not restrict themselves to something lying wholly in either set A or in set not-A.
    Answer: 4 Chapter No.
    Question
    Identify that for which purpose statment given below is used (deftamplate Person (slot name (type STRING)) (slot age(type NUMBER)) )

    Attributes of a fact
    Rule
    Rule definition
    CLIPS
    Answer: 4 Chapter No.
    Question
    Identify the correct statement to list facts numbers 1 through 10

    clips> (facts 1 10)
    clips> (facts 1 to 10)
    clips> (facts 10)
    clips> (facts 1)
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    Fuzzy logic is actually a superset of conventional boolean logic

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    Identify which statement defines classical sets in a best way

    A classical set is a container, which wholly includes but not wholly excludes any given element.
    A classical set is a container, which does not wholly includes or wholly excludes any given element.
    A classical set is a container, which sometimes wholly includes or wholly excludes any given element.
    A classical set is a container, which wholly includes or wholly excludes any given element.
    Answer: 4 Chapter No.
    Question
    General stages of ESDLC includes.

    Spiral model
    Linear model
    Beta system (tested by users)
    Design coding
    Answer: 3 Chapter No.
    Question
    Identify the correct definition of linear model given below.

    A linear sequence of steps is applied repeatedly in an iterative fashion to develop the software models.
    A non sequential sequence of steps is applied repeatedly in an iterative fashion to develop the expert systems.
    A non linear sequence of steps is applied repeatedly in an iterative fashion to develop the expert systems.
    A linear sequence of steps is applied repeatedly in an iterative fashion to develop the Expert Systems.
    Answer: 4 Chapter No.
    Question
    Fuzzy logic is a subset of conventional (Boolean) logic.

    True
    False
    Answer: 2 Chapter No.
    Question
    Identify the sets in which Membership Function is used.

    Crisp set
    Classical set
    Fuzzy set
    None of the given
    Answer: 3 Chapter No.
    Question
    The goal of knowledge analysis is to analyze and structure the knowledge gained during the planning phase.

    True
    False
    Answer: 2 Chapter No.
    Question
    Identify correct statement for the given rule. IF The aptitude level of an undergraduate student is low and The English understanding level of undergraduate student is dull THEN He is not eligible to go abroad for higher studies.

    (deftamplate UnderGradStudent (slot attribute)(slot value))
    (defrule StudentStatus (UnderGradStudent (attribute “aptitude level”)(value “low”))
    (UnderGradStudent (attribute “English understanding level”)(value “dull”))
    => (printout t “He is not eligible to go abroad for higher studies”)
    (deftamplate UnderGradStudent (slot attribute)(slot value))
    (defrule StudentStatus (UnderGradStudent (attribute “aptitude level”)(value “low”))
    (UnderGradStudent (attribute “English understanding level”)(value “dull”))
    => (printout t “He is not eligible to go abroad for higher studies”))
    (deftamplate UnderGradStudent (slot attribute)(slot value))
    (defrule StudentStatus (UnderGradStudent (attribute “aptitude level”)(value “low”))
    (UnderGradStudent (attribute “English understanding level”)(value “dull”))
    <=> (printout t “He is not eligible to go abroad for higher studies”))
    (defrule StudentStatus (UnderGradStudent (attribute “aptitude level”)(value “low”))
    (UnderGradStudent (attribute “English understanding level”)(value “dull”))
    => (printout t “He is not eligible to go abroad for higher studies”))
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    A classical set is a container, which wholly includes or wholly excludes any given element.

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    Sequence wise main phases of Linear model used in developing expert systems are given below.

    1)Planning
    2)Knowledge acquisition and analysis
    3)System evaluation
    4)Knowledge design
    5)Code
    6)Knowledge verification
    1)Planning
    2)Knowledge acquisition and analysis
    3)Knowledge design
    4)System evaluation
    5)Code
    6)Knowledge verification
    1)Planning
    2)Knowledge acquisition and analysis
    3)Knowledge design
    4)Code
    5)System evaluation
    6)Knowledge verification
    1)Planning
    2)Knowledge acquisition and analysis
    3)Knowledge design
    4)Code
    5)Knowledge verification
    6)System evaluation
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    IF IELTS score of Ali is 6 and CGPA of Ali is 3.7 and GRE score of Ali is 66 Then He is eligible to take admission in any of the University abroad

    (deftamplate Ali (slot attribute)(slot value))
    (defrule Alichance (Ali (attribute “IELTS score”)(value “6”))
    (Ali (attribute “CGPA”)(value “3.7”))
    (Ali (attribute “GRE”)(value “66”))
    <=
    (printout t “He is eligible to take admission in any of the University abroad”))
    (deftamplate Ali (slot attribute)(slot value))
    (defrule Alichance (Ali (attribute “IELTS score”)(value “6”))
    (Ali (attribute “CGPA”)(value “3.7”))(Ali (attribute “GRE”)(value “66”))
    =>
    (printout t “He is eligible to take admission in any of the University abroad”)
    (deftamplate Ali (slot attribute)(slot value))
    (defrule Alichance (Ali (attribute “IELTS score”)(value “6”))
    (Ali (attribute “CGPA”)(value “3.7”))
    (Ali (attribute “GRE”)(value “66”))
    =>
    (printout t “He is eligible to take admission in any of the University abroad”))
    (defrule Alichance (Ali (attribute “IELTS score”)(value “6”))
    (Ali (attribute “CGPA”)(value “3.7”))
    (Ali (attribute “GRE”)(value “66”))
    =>
    (printout t “He is eligible to take admission in any of the University abroad”))
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    Identify the step involved in planning phase.

    Knowledge acquisition from expert
    Coding
    Resource allocation
    Identify concrete knowledge elements
    Answer: 3 Chapter No.
    Question
    Identify the correct step used to start design of an expert system.

    Feasiblity study
    Problem recognization
    Scope study
    Rapid prototyping
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    ____________ learning works on existing facts and knowledge and deduces new knowledge from the old.

    Deductive
    Inductive
    Application
    None of the given
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    A concept is the representation of the __________ with respect to the given attributes.

    Solution
    Problem
    Knowledge
    None of the given
    Answer: 2 Chapter No.
    Question
    Each neuron in the hidden layer is responsible for a different _________.

    Line
    Layer
    Neuron
    None of the given
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    If the true output of a concept [c(xi)] is 1 or 0 for an instance, then the output by our hypothesis [h(xi)] is 1 or 0 as well, respectively.

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    In Candidate-Elimination algorithm version space is represented by two sets named:

    G and S
    G and F
    S and F
    H and S
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    Inductive learning is based on the knowledge that if something happens a lot it is likely to be generally _________

    True
    False
    Ambiguous
    None of the given
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    Inductive learning takes examples and generalizes rather than starting with __________ knowledge

    Existing
    Inductive
    Deductive
    None of the given
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    Machine learning is a prerequisite for any mature program of artificial intelligence

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No.
    Question
    The tractable problems are further divided into structured and ____________ problems

    Non-structured
    Complex
    Simple
    None of the given
    Answer: 2 Chapter No.
    Question
    Which one is NOT the advantage of Neural Network

    Excellent for pattern recognition
    Excellent classifiers
    Handles noisy data well
    None of the given
    Answer: 4 Chapter No.
    Question
    _________ is the process of formulating the mapping from a given input to an output using Fuzzy logic.

    FIZ
    FIS
    FOS
    None of the given
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    The first step of FIND-S is to initialize h to the most specific hypothesis in __________: h = < Ø , Ø >

    H
    I
    J
    K
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    Outputs of learning are determined by the ________

    Application
    Validation
    Training
    None of the given
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    Inductive learning is based on the knowledge that if something happens a lot it is likely to be generally _______

    TRUE
    FALSE
    Ambiguous
    None of the given
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    Interactive Dichotomizer uses a special function ________, to evaluate the gain information of each attribute.

    GAIN
    GET
    FIND
    EVAL
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    Machine learning typically follows ___________ phases according to Finlay.

    Two
    Three
    Four
    Five
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    Each neuron in the hidden layer is responsible for a different _________.

    Line
    Layer
    Neuron
    None of the given
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    Artificial Neural Networks is a new learning paradigm which takes its roots from _________ inspired approach to learning.

    Chemistry
    Physics
    Biology
    Mathematics
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    A concept is the representation of the __________ with respect to the given attributes.

    Solution
    Problem
    Knowledge
    None of the given
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    The brain is a collection of about 100 ________ interconnected neurons.

    Million
    Billion
    Trillion
    None of the given
    Answer: Chapter No.
    Question
    Intelligence is the characteristic of

    Living being
    All things
    None of them
    All of them
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 1
    Question
    Can we precisely define Artificial Intelligence?

    Yes we can
    No we can not
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 1
    Question
    Which of the following things demonstrate Intelligence?

    Problem solving
    Recognize/Remember
    Think/learn/Plan/Schedule
    All of the above
    Answer: 4 Chapter No. 1
    Question
    Try to catch out own thoughts as they go by is ________.

    Introspection
    Psychology
    Both of given
    None of the given
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 2
    Question
    Intelligence is the ability to ____________.

    Think/learn/Plan/Schedule
    Recognize/Remember
    Problem solving
    All of the above
    Answer: 4 Chapter No. 2
    Question
    __________ AI actually tries to recreate the functions of the inside of the brain as opposed to simply emulating behavior.

    Weak
    Strong
    Weak and Strong
    None of the given
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 2
    Question
    __________ AI treats the brain as a black box and just emulates its functionality.

    Weak
    Strong
    Weak and Strong
    None of the given
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 2
    Question
    From discipline of _____________ we have the tools and techniques to investigate the human mind and ways to represent the resulting theories.

    Computer Science
    Biology
    Mathematics
    Psychology
    Answer: 4 Chapter No. 3
    Question
    From discipline of _____________ we have information about the network structure of a human brain and all the theories on functionalities of different human organs.

    Mathematics
    Biology
    Computer Science
    Psychology
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 3
    Question
    Which of the following disciplines provides us with the theories of structure and meaning of language?

    Linguistic
    Philosophy
    Biology
    Psychology
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 3
    Question
    Hit and trial is a classical approach to solve the ___________ problem easily.

    Trivial
    Medium
    All of the given
    None of the given
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 4
    Question
    __________ is a Classical way of problem solving.

    GA
    Generate and Test
    Reasoning
    None of the given
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 4
    Question
    The traveling inside a solution space requires something called as __________.

    Problem Statement
    Operands
    Operators
    Solution Space
    Answer: 3 Chapter No. 4
    Question
    Some essential components of problem solving are Problem statement, ________, Solution space and Operators.

    Complex State
    Initial State
    Intermediate State
    Goal State
    Answer: 4 Chapter No. 4
    Question
    By getting grips on _________ that deal with searching techniques in graphs and trees, problem solving can be performed in an efficient manner.

    Pseudocode
    Algorithms
    Charts
    Graphs
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 5
    Question
    In Optimal Path searches we try to find the _________ solution.

    Least
    Best
    Last but not the Least
    None of the given
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 5
    Question
    Most of the solution spaces for problems can be represented in _______.

    Trees
    Demos
    Graphs
    None of the given
    Answer: 3 Chapter No. 5
    Question
    We use graphs to represent problems and their solution spaces.

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 5
    Question
    Every graph can be converted into a tree.

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 5
    Question
    Most of the solution spaces for problems can be represented in a ___________.

    Graph
    Table
    Demo
    None of the above
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 5
    Question
    Procedures that search the solution space in an uninformed manner are usually costly with respect to _________.

    Time
    Space
    Time and space both
    All of the given
    Answer: 3 Chapter No. 6
    Question
    In DFS, node with the largest value of height will be at Priority ________.

    Maximum
    Minimum
    Zero
    Least
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 7
    Question
    In Depth First Search the node with the largest value of height will be at the ___________ priority to be picked.

    Minimum
    Maximum
    Zero
    Both minimum and maximum
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 7
    Question
    In Breadth First Search the node with the largest value of height will be at the _________ priority to be picked.

    Zero
    Minimum
    Maximum
    None of the given
    Answer: 3 Chapter No. 7
    Question
    Breadth-First Search checks all paths of a given length before moving on to any longer paths.

    True
    False
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 7
    Question
    Breadth-first search is a good idea when you are confident that the branching factor is _________.

    Extremely small
    Small
    Medium
    Large
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 7
    Question
    The foothill problem occurs whenever there are________ peaks.

    High
    Secondary
    Primary
    Deep
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 8
    Question
    Which one of the problems is more subtle, and consequently, is more frustrating?

    Foothill problem
    Plateau
    Ridge
    Box
    Answer: 3 Chapter No. 8
    Question
    The paths founded by Best First search are likely to be _________ than those found with other methods.

    Longer
    Shorter
    Both of the given
    None of the given
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 8
    Question
    Best First Search is a greedy approach.

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 8
    Question
    In Adversarial search there may occur such a scenario where two opponents also called ___________ are searching for a goal.

    Adversaries
    Friend
    Players
    Intruders
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 9
    Question
    We can get optimal solution given some parameters using Genetic Algorithm.

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 11
    Question
    Genetic algorithm uses evolutionary techniques, based on function optimization and artificial intelligence, to develop a solution.

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 11
    Question
    In Basic Genetic Algorithm the term mutation refers to a small random ________.

    Number
    Change
    Operator
    Operand
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 11
    Question
    Genetic Algorithms is a search method in which multiple search paths are followed in _______.

    Series
    Parallel
    Sequential
    None of the given
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 11
    Question
    A function by which we can tell which board position is nearer to our goal is called _________.

    Alternative function
    Recursive function
    Best function
    Fitness function
    Answer: 4 Chapter No. 12
    Question
    What is the correct order for solving a problem using GA
    I. Choose the best individuals from the population for crossover
    II. Choose initial population
    III. Evaluate the fitness of each individual

    I,II,III
    I,III,II
    II,I,III
    II,III,I
    Answer: 4 Chapter No. 12
    Question
    Mutation can be as simple as just flipping a bit at random or any number of bits.

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 12
    Question
    In GA, the random process is repeated until an individual with required _________ level is found.

    Higher
    Lower
    Fitness
    Logical
    Answer: 3 Chapter No. 13
    Question
    A function by which we can tell which board position is nearer to our goal is called.

    Alternative function
    Recursive function
    Best function
    Fitness function
    Answer: 4 Chapter No. 13
    Question
    An AI system must form a meaningful and useful __________ of the internal information.

    Representation
    Execution
    Learning
    Planning
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 14
    Question
    An AI system has a ____________ component that allows the system to get information from its environment.

    Planning
    Perception
    Learning
    Execution
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 14
    Question
    In the worst case of semantic network, we may need to traverse the entire network and then discover that the requested info ________.

    Does not exist
    Exists
    Is incorrect
    Is correct
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 15
    Question
    A proposition is the statement of a _________.

    Equation
    Action
    Theorem
    Fact
    Answer: 4 Chapter No. 15
    Question
    Semantic networks are graphs, with nodes representing _________ and arcs representing _________ between objects.

    distance, relationships
    objects, distance
    relationships, distance
    objects, relationships
    Answer: 4 Chapter No. 15
    Question
    A statement in conjunctive normal form (CNF) consists of _________.

    ANDs of Ors.
    ANDs
    Ors
    Ors of ANDs
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 16
    Question
    __________ is the process of deriving logical conclusions from given facts.

    Representation
    Execution
    Reasoning
    Planning
    Answer: 3 Chapter No. 16
    Question
    In the statement “IF A THEN B”, A is called

    Antecedent
    Consequent
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 16
    Question
    __________ reasoning is based on forming, or inducing a ‘generalization’ from a limited set of observations.

    Deductive
    Abductive
    Inductive
    Analogical
    Answer: 3 Chapter No. 16
    Question
    An ___________ is “A computer program designed to model the problem solving ability of a human expert”.

    Expert system
    Intelligent System
    Echo System
    Energy System
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 18
    Question
    Another expert system named __________ was developed by Digital Equipment Corporation, as a computer configuration assistant.

    R1/XCON
    MYCIN
    Dendral
    R3/XCON
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 18
    Question
    An expert system may replace the expert or assist the expert.

    True
    False
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 18
    Question
    Conventional programming focuses on _______, while ES programming focuses on ________.

    Solution, Problem
    Problem, Solution
    Problem, Expert
    Solution, Expert
    Answer: 1 Chapter No. 20
    Question
    In backward chaining terminology, the hypothesis to prove is called the ________.

    Proof
    Goal
    Plan
    None of the given
    Answer: 2 Chapter No. 21


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