The large energy cost of memory fetches limits the overallefficiency of applications no matter how efficient the ac-celerators are on the chip. As a result the most importantoptimization must be done at the algorithm level, to reduce off-chip memory accesses, to createDark Memory. The algorithmsmust first be (re)written for both locality and parallelism beforeyou tailor the hardware to accelerate them.Using Pareto curves in theenergy/opandmm2/(op/s)spaceallows one to quickly evaluate different accelerators, memorysystems, and even algorithms to understand the trade-offsbetween performance, power and die area. This analysis isa powerful way to optimize chips in the Dark Silicon era.
UNSOLVED BT201 GDB1 Solution and discussion
Total Marks 10
Starting Date Wednesday, July 31, 2019
Closing Date Friday, August 02, 2019
Question Title Mutualism
Graded Discussion Board
Spring 2019 – Spring 2019 - BT201 - Ecology, Biodiversity & Evolution-II
What is mutualism? Explain with example. Give civil and logical arguments to elaborate this topic.
Your discussion must be based on logical facts.
Your comments on the topic should not exceed 200 words. Exceeding words will result in Zero Marks.
You should not copy or exchange your answer with other students. Two identical / copied comments will be marked Zero (0) and may damage your grade in the course.
Do not engage in Obnoxious or ignoble answers.
Instructions about GDB:
The GDB will remain open for 3 working days/ 72 hours, opened on 31st July 2019 for discussion and last date for posting your discussion will be 2nd August 2019.
Questions / queries related to the content of the GDB, which may be posted by the students on MDB or via e-mail, will not be replied till the due date of GDB is over.
For Detailed Instructions please see the GDB Announcement
Discuss some features of protists.
Characteristics of Protists?
What Is Kingdom Protista?
Imagine you are cleaning or organizing around your house. To assist in this process, you separate your items into categories to help you locate them later. Maybe you have a box for books, a drawer for school supplies, and a cubby for electronics. You start to realize, however, that you have a bunch of extra bits and pieces that do not fit into any of your other groups. So, you create a special container for them: your ‘other’ container. This is pretty much what happened with Kingdom Protista.
All the life on planet Earth is organized into five kingdoms based on whether or not the organism is single-celled, how it obtains energy, and how (or if) it moves. Kingdom Protista is the hodge-podge category. It contains the protists, or the organisms that do not fit into any of the other categories.
Protista is Greek for the very first. These organisms were traditionally considered the first eukaryotic forms of life, predecessors to the organisms in the plant, animal, and fungus kingdoms. Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have membrane-bound organelles. This is opposed to prokaryotes, single-celled organisms lacking a nucleus.
Characteristics of Protists
Protists are eukaryotic organisms that cannot be classified as a plant, animal, or fungus. They are mostly unicellular, but some, like algae, are multicellular. Kelp, or ‘seaweed,’ is a large multicellular protist that provides food, shelter, and oxygen for numerous underwater ecosystems. Even though kelp resembles a plant, it is not classified into Kingdom Plantae because it lacks the cellular complexity of plant cells.
Protists can be heterotrophic, which means they obtain the energy they need to live by consuming other organisms. Or, they can be autotrophic, which means they obtain energy from the environment through photosynthesis, the process of capturing light energy and storing it in carbohydrates.
Protists primarily live in water, though some live in moist soil. They can be found almost anywhere on Earth where there is liquid water, even in humans.
Classification of Protists
Protists are grouped by how they move and how they obtain nutrients. They are arranged into three main categories: animal-like protists, plant-like protists, and fungus-like protists.
Discuss some features of protists. Give civil and logical arguments to elaborate this topic.