War of Independence



  • War of independence
    Background:

    • British paramounting i.e. the belief in British dominance in Indian political, economic and cultural life, had been introduced in India about 1820.
    • To control the Indian states, British increasingly used a variety of tactics.
    • Everywhere, the old Indian Aristocracy was replaced by British officials.
    • Lord Dallhouse devised the doctrine of Lapse in the late 1840, which involved the British prohibiting a Hindu-ruler without a natural heir from adopting a successor, and after the ruler died or abdicated, annexing his hand.
    • This lead growing discontent of the Brahmas, many of whom had been dispossessed of their revenues or had lost lucrative positions.
    • Westernization increased in the Hindu-society.
    • Humanitarian movement led to reforms. Lord
    • Dallhouse during his tenure(1848-1856) made efforts toward emanicipating women and had introduced a bill to remove all legal obstacles to remarriage of Hindu-widows.
    • Converts to Christianity were to share with their Hindu relatives in the property of the family estate.
    • British aimed at breaking down the caste system. The introduction of western methods of education were a direct challenge to orthodoxy, both Hindu and Muslim.
    • Enfield Rifle:
      In 1856. The Government of India introduced the Enfield rifle in the army and the agreements for its training were made at DUMDUM Ambala and Sialkot Lord Macauly education policy in sub-continent.
      Introduction:
      War of independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-continent. This war was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their dominion.
      Another names:
      War of Independence is also given names as
    • Indian Rebellion
    • Indian Mutiny
    • Indian Revolt
    • Uprising of 1857
    • Great Rebellion
    • Sepoy Mutiny(by British)
      bolded text
      Starting:
    • It started from Meerut on 10th May, 1857.
    • On the issue of Cartridges made up of fat or pigs which needed to take into mouth before operating it. Mangala Panday a native soldier of the 13th native infantry fired at his British officers (2). As a result, he was caught and hanged on April 8, 1857. The soldier refused to use this weaponry and revolted against the British Crown.

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