Lucknow Pact



    • Introduction:
      Lucknow Pact refers to an agreement reached between the Indian National Congrss and the Muslim League at the joint session of both the parties, held in Lucknow in 1916 by Gangadhar Tilak and All India Muslim League, led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The Congress adopted it at its Lucknow Session on 29 December and the League adopted it on 31 December, 1916. Thus meeting at Lucknow marked the reunion of the moderate and radical wings of the Congress. This pact dealt the structure of the government of India as well as the relation of Hindu and Muslim communities.
      Background:
      The main historical points in the background of Lucknow Pact 1916 are as follows;
      1.) 1st Word War:
      1st World War started in 1914.
      2.) Indian Sacrifice:
      Indians sacrificed a lot in terms of lives, manpowe, supplies, finances and patience with high prices of wheat, kerosene, rice, etc.
      3.) Turkey Issue:
      There were reservations of Muslims about Turkey and they wanted to dispel their pro-British reputation.
      4.) Participation in governing the Sub- continent:
      The Lucknow Pact between the Muslim league and the Congress was led due to the growing determination to participate in the governing of Sub- continent.
      5.) Quaid-eAzam:
      The joining of the Muslim League by Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah gave a new determination to Indian policies.
      6.) Self rule:
      Muslim League had already demanded self rule for India as had the Congress.
      7.) Separate electorates:
      The Muims were demanding separate electorates. Both the parties were demanding same privileges.
      8.) Persuading the government:
      Leaders from both sides agreed to cooperate to bring the government around to accept their demands.


  • @Nida-Waqas Jazak ALLAH



  • well explained and precise scenario


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