What is motivation?
Motivation is the process that initiates, guides, and maintains goal-oriented behaviors.
Motivation involves the biological, emotional, social, and cognitive forces that activate behavior.
In everyday usage, the term “motivation” is frequently used to describe why a person does something.
It is the driving force behind human actions.
Motivation doesn’t just refer to the factors that activate behaviors;
it also involves the factors that direct and maintain these goal-directed actions (though such motives are rarely directly observable).
As a result, we often have to infer the reasons why people do the things that they do based on observable behaviors.1
Types of motivation:
Different types of motivation are frequently described as being either extrinsic or intrinsic:
Extrinsic motivations are those that arise from outside of the individual and often involve rewards such as trophies, money, social recognition, or praise.
Intrinsic motivations are those that arise from within the individual, such as doing a complicated crossword puzzle purely for the personal gratification of solving a problem.