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  • Maintenance activity on SMW5 cable system relating to Power Feed Equipment in TUAS (Singapore)

    We have been informed by our upstream providers that they will be conducting a planned maintenance activity on SMW5 cable system relating to Power Feed Equipment in TUAS (Singapore). During this maintenance activity, Singapore- Sri Lanka Segment of SMW5 cable system will be powered down and as a result, Singapore bound capacities will remain unavailable. Singapore bound (East Bound) internet and IP services will be degraded or may be unavailable during the activity.


    Start Date and Time: 30-Jan-2021 01:00 AM (0100Hrs) PST

    End Date and Time: 30-Jan-2021 05:00 AM (0500Hrs) PST

    Impact: Service degradation or outage may be observed on East Bound destinations

    Affected Service: Service degradation or outage on East bound destinations Internet/IP Services

    We shall remain in your reach for any query or concerns during this time. Your considerate cooperation and patience would be highly appreciated.

    We regret for any inconvenience this might cause you.

    posted in Announcements
  • “Islamophobia and Western Media”

    The Department of Mass Communication Virtual University of Pakistan has organized a webinar “Islamophobia and Western Media” on January 28, 2021.

    Objectives of Webinar are:

    To talk about the prevalence of Islamophobia discourse in the Western Media.

    To discuss how the Islamophobia in Western media has affected the Muslim identity.

    To explore strategies and tactics to counter the Islamophobia in Western media.

    Guest Speakers will be

    Prof. Dr. Noshina Saleem (Director, Institute of Communication Studies, University of the Punjab).

    Topic: Islamophobia in the Light of Various Scholars’ Perspectives

    Dr. Saeed Ahmad Saeedi (Assistant Professor, Institute of Islamic Studies, University of the Punjab & Senior Analyst 92 News).

    Topic: Islamophobia… Reasons, Impacts and Obviation

    Prof. Dr. Zafar Iqbal, (Chairman, Department of Media & Communication Studies, International Islamic University, Islamabad)

    Topic: Islamophobia: Brief History, Facets and Way to Counter it

    All participants will get free E-certificate

    For registration:

    posted in General Discussion
  • Which is correct food or foods?

    plural noun: foods
    any nutritious substance that people or animals eat or drink or that plants absorb in order to maintain life and growth.

    posted in General Discussion
  • Virtual University must hold exams... (Poll)
    posted in Virtual University
  • CS301 Assignment 3 Solution and Discussion

    Re: CS301 Assignment 3 Solution and Discussion

    Assignment No. 03  

    CS301- Data Structures Total Marks: 20
    Due Date: 21/01/2021
    Please read the following instructions carefully before solving & submitting assignment:
    It should be clear that your assignment will not get any credit (zero marks) if:
    o The assignment is submitted after due date.
    o The submitted assignment is other than .doc/.docx file.
    o The submitted assignment does NOT open or file is corrupted.
    o The assignment is copied (from other student or ditto copy from handouts or internet).
    Uploading instructions

    o For clarity and simplicity, you are required to Upload/Submit only .doc/.docx file.

    The objective of this assignment is:
    o Binary Search trees
    o AVL trees
    o Rotation cases of AVL trees
    o Balancing Factor of trees

    For any query about the assignment, contact at [email protected]
    Marks: 20

    Problem Statement:

    You are required to construct AVL tree from the following data:

    15 ,18 ,12, 8, 54, 5, 14, 13, 9, 61, 20, 17, 21

    Solution Guidelines:

    1. You need to insert these data items one by one starting from the data item 15 in the same order in which they have written above.
    2. Show and perform necessary rotations where needed.
    3. In Solution show only the final AVL tree and only those steps in which rotation is applied.

    Note: If you show only final tree and do not show the rotation steps then your marks will be deducted.
    Lectures Covered: This assignment covers Lecture # 15-26
    Deadline: Your assignment must be uploaded/submitted at or before January 21 , 2021

    posted in CS301 – Data Structures
  • RE: ISL 201 GDB 1 Solution and Discussion

    @zaasmi said in ISL 201 GDB 1 Solution and Discussion:

    @tahera-irum said in ISL 201 GDB 1 Solution and Discussion:

    Obedience of Allah Almighty

    O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable for final determination.

    obedience of Allah allmighty

    By obeying Allah SWT and His Messenger, we can know what good things or bad things for our lives. So, if we always obey to Allah Subahnahu Wa Ta’ala, we must get many rewards from Him. By obeying Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala, we know what things are Allah’s commands and His prohibitions

    “O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result.” (Q.S. An-Nisa : 59)

    posted in ISL201 - Islamic Studies
  • RE: ISL 201 GDB 1 Solution and Discussion

    @tahera-irum said in ISL 201 GDB 1 Solution and Discussion:

    Obedience of Allah Almighty

    O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable for final determination.

    posted in ISL201 - Islamic Studies
  • Use your Android phone as a webcam for your PC

    You need to download and install an app that allows you to use your Android phone as a webcam for your PC. There are many such apps available within the Play Store, but after testing several of them, the one we liked best was DroidCam Wireless Webcam. The app works by creating a connection between your Android smartphone and your Windows computer either by employing a wireless network or via a USB cable.
    The DroidCam Wireless Webcam app is out there in two versions: free and paid. The free version, which we wont to create this guide, has the disadvantage of displaying ads on your smartphone. The paid Pro version offers support for high-resolution video (up to 720p), an option called “FPS Boost” which allows for up to 2 times higher frame rate, and more customization options for the Windows client, like the power to mirror video, rotate video, increase or decrease the image contrast and sharpness, et al. . However, to realize the core purpose of turning your Android smartphone into a webcam that you simply can use on your Windows PC, the free version of the app is enough.
    Before you go further, confirm that your Android smartphone and your Windows computer are both connected to an equivalent network. Once you’ve made sure of that, follow subsequent steps:

    Step 1. Download and install the DroidCam Wireless Webcam app on your Android smartphone
    You must first download and install the DroidCam Wireless Webcam app for Android. you’ll find it within the Play Store here: DroidCam Wireless Webcam. On the app’s Store page, tap Install and await the app to be installed.

    Once the app has been installed on your Android smartphone, advance to your Windows computer, and take subsequent step.

    Step 2. Download and install the DroidCam Client app on your Windows PC
    On your Windows PC, open your favorite browser and visit this web page: DroidCam Windows Client. Once it’s loaded, you ought to see thereon an outsized button named DroidCam Client v6.0. Click or tap thereon to download the DroidCam Client app.

    You should now get alittle 875 KB file called reserve it somewhere on your Windows computer (for example, on your desktop). Then, extract its contents, and you ought to get an executable file named DroidCam.Client.6.0.exe, with a size of 915 KB.

    Double click/tap on the executable file and follow the wizard’s instructions to put in the DroidCam Client on your Windows computer. The wizard is pretty straightforward: just keep it up clicking or tapping Next. There’s just one thing you would like to concentrate to: once you are asked about whether you want to put in driver software from “DEV47 APPS”, prefer to Install it. If you don’t, the Windows client cannot hook up with the app on your Android phone.

    Step 3. Connect the DroidCam Wireless Webcam Android app with the Windows DroidCam Client
    Go to your Android smartphone and open the DroidCam Wireless Webcam app. you’ll find it listed in your All apps list.

    The first time you open the DroidCam Wireless Webcam app, you’re greeted with a welcome screen on which you’ll see a fast start guide about the way to use it.

    Read it, tap Next, then tap the Got it button from rock bottom of the screen.
    DroidCam Wireless Webcam then asks you for permission to use your Android phone’s camera and microphone. Obviously, it must do this , so confirm that you simply Accept.
    Now the DroidCam Wireless Webcam app loads a replacement screen, on which it shows you what WiFi network you’re connected to, your Android smartphone’s IP address, and therefore the port employed by the app. In our case, the WiFi IP is, and therefore the DroidCam Port is 4747. Keep your smartphone unlocked as you’re getting to need this information soon.
    Go to your Windows computer and open DroidCam Client. within the Connect over WiFi (LAN) section, enter the Device IP and therefore the DroidCam Port that are displayed on your Android smartphone. In our case, the Device IP is, and therefore the DroidCam Port is 4747.
    Then confirm to pick the Video and, if you would like , the Audio checkbox too. They control whether your Android smartphone can relay the camera video feed, also because the sound from its microphone.

    Step 4. Start the video feed from your Android phone
    Click or tap on the beginning button from the Windows DroidCam Client to start the video data transmission. If all worked well, you ought to now see a preview of the video sent from your smartphone’s camera. In other words, now you’ve got a working webcam! 🙂
    Step 5. Use your Android smartphone as a webcam on Skype, Facebook, and other similar apps
    Now you’ll open any app that needs a webcam and configure it to use your Android smartphone, a.k.a. DroidCam Source, for that. as an example , in Skype’s Video settings, you’ll find a webcam called DroidCam Source 3. All you’ve got to try to to to use it with Skype is to pick it.
    Likewise, all you’ve got to try to to to use your new smartphone webcam on Facebook is to settle on it once you initiate a video call.
    Unfortunately, in our test, we found that DroidCam fails to figure with the Camera app from Windows 10. it’s not recognized by this app. We hope, however, that the developers of DroidCam can address this issue within the future.
    DroidCamX (paid version of DroidCam) offers additional controls
    The Windows DroidCam Client also includes a couple of other buttons for extra options and controls. However, unless you buy the professional version of the DroidCam Wireless Webcam Android app, the extra controls are disabled and can’t be used.

    The Windows DroidCam Client app also includes two other different connection methods between your PC and your Android smartphone: via USB or by creating an immediate wireless connection between your Windows PC and your Android smartphone. However, the USB method is suggested just for advanced users because it involves using the Android “Developer Options,” more specifically “USB Debugging.”


    posted in General Discussion
  • Intended Readers: All students in the project, who are eligible for final viva voce examination in Fall 2020 Semester.

    All the eligible Groups/Students are advised to properly follow these instructions:

    1. Since viva mode is Skype. So you must ensure Skype installed and working properly in your PC/Laptop. You must ensure the Skype is working properly for video call (with screen sharing). Also download Team Viewer so that in case of any issue with Skype, the viva can be conducted via Team Viewer easily. Your Mic, Headphones/Speakers, and Web Cam should be in working condition. If you do not have a Web Cam, then try to arrange it for your final viva. You can also check the following page to make an android phone as a Web Cam:

    2. Make sure you test Skype/Team Viewer now, so that your viva can be conducted smoothly and within the scheduled time. Add your project supervisor in your Skype contacts. If you don’t have your project supervisor Skype ID, then contact the project supervisor via Email to get it well ahead of your scheduled viva. In case of any issue, contact your project supervisor via Skype. Here are some guideline links for Skype and Team Viewer:
      Skype Installation Guide
      Share Screen in Skype
      Team Viewer Manual (PDF)

    3. When your time starts, you should start the Video Call with your project supervisor on Skype. Otherwise your viva will not be conducted. Skype ID of each project supervisor is already provided in the schedule file. So, you should add your project supervisor in Skype if not already done. Also rename your Skype Name to your VU Student ID as it will be easy for your viva session.

    4. You must have your final presentation and final report. Make sure your presentation file is complete.

    5. Keep your identification documents with you (VU ID Card, CNIC).

    Note 1: If any student is eligible for final viva exam but is not included in the current schedule, then such student will be scheduled soon, so please wait for it.
    Note 2: If any student is eligible for viva exam but the student cannot find his/her student id in the schedule, then such student should contact respective project supervisor within 5 days of this announcement.

    posted in CS619 - Final Project - CS619
  • Explore over 300 different lesson plan ideas

    Happy #TechnologyDay! Need an activity idea?

    posted in General Discussion