Solution:Culture type McGregor’s theory (theory X / theory Y) Explanation 1. Role culture Theory X Based on stability, certainty and defined structures, processes and policies. Employees are highly monitored to follow the set patterns 2. Power culture Theory X This is a one man show where all power resides with the founder. Decisions are taken by the founder which has to be followed by the subordinates 3. People culture Theory Y organization exists to serve the individual and where individuals are not servants of the organization. They consist of self-organizes professionals who do not need any supervision 4. Task culture Theory Y More emphasis is given to completion of tasks and least is given to the hierarchal positions. Employees are provided with autonomy to ensure task completion.
ENG507 Assignment 2 Solution and Discussion
Phonetics and Phonology (Eng507)
Assignment No. 2
Total Marks: 20
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Q1. In order to classify vowels (independent of the vowel system of a particular language), the English phonetician Daniel Jones introduced a system in the early 20th century and worked out on a set of vowels called the “cardinal vowels” comprising eight vowels to be used as reference points. Read further about the cardinal vowels and explain in what ways they are useful for the phoneticians. Also, draw the figure for the primary cardinal vowel system. (7+3=10 Marks)
Q2. If we mention about the stress within a word i.e. ‘Lexical Stress’, we define the term ‘stress’ as syllable prominence (Ball and Rahilly, 1999:105). You are required to read the statements given in the table, identify the category and mark the stressed syllable in capital letters of the underlined words in the respective columns. (5+5=10 Marks)
Note: First statement is solved for your reference.
Sr. Sentence Word Category Capitalize the stressed syllable 1. His bike is his only means of transport. Noun TRANSport 2. The country’s exportsare highly valued in the international market. 3. The general ordersand soldiers obey. 4. Just leaveeverything to me. 5. “What’s the damage?” he asked the waiter. 6. Each of the four parts of an IP addresscan have from one to three digits.
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