@zareen said in HRM626 GDB 1 Solution and Discussion:
The origin of the concept of job description can be traced from the era of industrialization. The bureaucratic organizational structures emphasize on the importance of work specialization and well defined roles and responsibilities. Therefore, job description becomes necessary to make sure that employees understand the boundaries of their responsibilities and performance standards. But the transformative changes from industrial era to knowledge economy have provoked employers to evolve out of the traditional schemas of command and control management. Consequently, some employers avoid providing a written copy of the job description to the new employees because they believe it locks them into a fixed set of job duties that eventually effect creativity and agility.
An organization, by its most basic definition, is an assembly of people working together to achieve common objectives through a division of labor. An organization provides a means of using individual strengths within a group to achieve more than can be accomplished by the aggregate efforts of group members working individually. Business organizations are formed to deliver goods or services to consumers in such a manner that they can realize a profit at the conclusion of the transaction. Over the years, business analysts, economists, and academic researchers have pondered several theories that attempt to explain the dynamics of business organizations, including the ways in which they make decisions, distribute power and control, resolve conflict, and promote or resist organizational change. As Jeffrey Pfeffer summarized in New Directions for Organization Theory, link text