Assignment Solution ACC311
(Fundamentals of Auditing) Fall 2019
Due Date: 29 November, 2019
According to Companies Act 2017 [Section 247], the person who is a partner or employee of a director, other officer or employee of the company cannot be appointed as auditor. So, the appointment of M/s Shafee & Co as external auditor is not legally permissible as Mr. Waseem – director of Barkat enterprises is also a partner of M/s Shafee & Co
According to Companies Act 2017 [Section 247], the public company having paid up capital of three million or more must hired the chartered accountant or chartered accountancy firms as external auditors. So, the appointment of Nabi Associates as external auditor is legally permissible as MTM (Pvt) have 3.2M paid up capital.
According to Companies Act 2017 [Section 247], the person who is a spouse of company’s director cannot be appointed as auditor. So, the appointment of Mr. Ahsan’s company as external auditor is not legally permissible as Mr. Ahsan is a spouse of company’s director i.e. Miss Sara.
As per Companies Act 2017 [Section 247], a persons who is Present directors, other officer or employees of the company or who held these offices during the last three years cannot be appointed as external auditor. So, Mr. Shahbaz cannot be appointed as external auditor as he holds the company office as an officer in preceding 2 years.
Mr. Zeeshan cannot be appointed as external auditor of Hussain Enterprises as he is still employee of the company which is against the conditions of Companies Act 2017 [Section 247] for appointment of auditors.
SOLVED GRD101 Quiz 1 Solution and Discussion
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Top 18 Shortcut Keys of Illustrator
Let’s look at the top 18 Shortcut keys of Illustrator.
- Create a New Document
Use the shortcut Command + N for Mac and Ctrl + N for Windows. This is helpful while trying to create a new document to work on. It leads to the page layout where you can select the appropriate document based on your preference.
2. Pick All The Objects On Layer
In Mac, the shortcut key is Option + Click layer and in Windows, it is Alt + Clicks a layer. If you need to select all the components in the layer, all you have to do is hit the option key and choose the required layer. This lets you select all the locked and invisible layers.
3. Hand Tool
For Mac and Windows users, the shortcut key is the spacebar. In both the Mac and Windows, holding down the space bar lets you activate the hand tool. You can easily hover across your artboard without affecting your content. However, this option becomes invalid when you are editing texts.
- Zoom In and Zoom Out Tool
In Mac, the shortcut key for zoom is CMD + Spacebar and for Windows, it is Ctrl + Spacebar (A magnifying glass appears with a + symbol). For zoom out, it is CMD + Option + Spacebar for Mac and Ctrl + Alt + Spacebar for Windows (A magnifying glass appears with a – symbol).
While you are in the edit mode and need to use the hand tool, make use of the above keyboards respectively based on your device. You can make use of the mouse left click to toggle instantly between zoom in and zoom out of the scene.
5. Swap Selection or Direction Selection Tool
Mac shortcut is CMD and Windows shortcut is Ctrl. It is a very useful shortcut and a real time saver that allows swapping between selection and direct selection tool.
6. Move Selected Objects Precisely
The shortcut key in Mac is Shift + arrow keys and in Windows, it is Shift + arrow keys. Use this shortcut to precisely move any of your Illustrator elements in a fixed and even distance.
7. Select Multiple Objects
The shortcut key available in Mac and Windows is Shift + click. You can choose multiple objects and move them around and add them to a group for further design modifications.
8. Lock Objects in the Layers
The shortcut key in Mac is CMD+2, while in Windows it is Ctrl+2. This is an effective method to avoid artworks that hinder your work while working on a complex project with multiple layers.
9. Unlock all the Layer Items
Mac shortcut is CMD+Option+2 and for Windows, it is Ctrl+Alt+2. Using this shortcut, you will be able to release all the locked layers at once. Else, you will have to individually scroll through the layer panel for doing so.
10. Clone Objects
The shortcut in Mac is Option + drag and in Windows, it is Alt + drag. If you need to duplicate any object, simply use the above shortcut and create copies of the selected object. You can select multiple objects and clone them using this method.
11. Scale Proportionally with the Selection Tool
The shortcut Shift+drag bounding box is the same for both Mac and Windows devices. Scale the selected artwork uniformly while preserving the scaling proportion.
12. Eyedropper Tool
In Mac and Windows, press I for the shortcut key. This enables you to pick a color from a shape, image or gradient by activating the eyedropper tool.
13. Show/Hide Artboards
The shortcut key in Mac is CMD + Shift + H and for Windows, it is Ctrl + Shift + H. The max possible printable area in Illustrator is bound by solid lines enclosing the canvas area. You can show/hide them using the above-mentioned shortcut command.
14. Display/Hide Artboard Rulers
The shortcut in Mac is Cmd + R and in Windows it is Ctrl+R. Toggle rulers on and off based on your need for aligning artwork.
15. View All Artboards
The Mac shortcut key is CMD + Option+ O and the Windows shortcut key is Ctrl+Alt+O. This allows you to view all your artboards simultaneously.
16. Enhance/Reduce Font Size
The Mac shortcut is CMD+Shift+< or > and Windows shortcut is Ctrl+Shift+< or >. This is a quick and easy method to alter the font size in your work area.
17. Jump Between Screens
The F key is the shortcut in both Mac and Windows systems. It enables the users to view their artwork in multiple screen modes such as normal, full screen along with the menu bar, and in just the full screen.
18. Save for Web and Devices
The shortcut for Mac users is CMD + Shift + Opt + S and for Windows users, it is Ctrl + Shift +Alt + S. This shortcut saves the designer from dragging their mouse cursor through multiple options in order to save their file.
Bonus Shortcut Keys in a Glance
in adobe illustrator shortcut key to repeat object is
in packaging design we must first have a
In the Ultimate Guide to Product Packaging Design we look at how to get your … is large or with odd dimensions, on the other hand, may require a custom packaging solution … And you either have to pay someone to put your product into the box, or do it yourself. … Outer packaging is the first thing a customer is going to see.
standard number of columns in newspaper usually have 6-9.
Broadsheet newspaper pages in the United States usually have 6-9 columns, while tabloid sized publications have 5 columns.
Adobe Photoshop shortcut key for duplicate object
press ads are purely related to Print media
how do you create a focal area in your design?
Sometimes, focal points can be created by giving the visual element more relative weight: color contrast is one way to draw attention and create a focal point. But focal points can also be created based on relative position, surrounding context, or supporting visual imagery in your design.
for printing which file format is best
When preparing images for print, the highest quality images are disired. The ideal file format choice for print is TIFF, followed closely by PNG.
Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among graphic artists, the publishing …
Standard: ISO 12639
a shop sign is also named as
smudge tool is used to make an image…
The Smudge Tool in Photoshop Elements: Overview
When you select the Smudge Tool in Photoshop Elements and click and drag it in an image, it produces an effect similar to the effect of dragging your finger through wet paint. The Smudge Tool in Photoshop Elements picks up the color of the place at which you click.
what is the shortcut key of curve in photoshop
In Adobe Photoshop, shortcut key of “curve” is
To do so, press Ctrl Alt Shift K (Mac: Command Option Shift K) to bring up the Keyboard shortcut menu. Then click on Layer and choose Curves under ‘New Adjustment Layer’. When the input box is active press Ctrl M (Mac: Command M). Accept the change, and close the window.
what is the shortcut key for balance color in Photoshop?
Ctrl + B
Color Balance – Color Balance is another thing very useful for photo manipulation. Ctrl + B is the shortcut for this. Desaturate – If you quickly want to desaturate, press Ctrl + Shift + U.
which tool is used to change facial expressions?
One of the new features of Photoshop CC 2016, Face Aware Liquify lets you quickly and easily change the expression on someone’s face – adding a smile or a frown, or bringing out more complex emotions. However, if used heavy handedly you can end up with unnatural results (unless you’re after a caricature).