The large energy cost of memory fetches limits the overallefficiency of applications no matter how efficient the ac-celerators are on the chip. As a result the most importantoptimization must be done at the algorithm level, to reduce off-chip memory accesses, to createDark Memory. The algorithmsmust first be (re)written for both locality and parallelism beforeyou tailor the hardware to accelerate them.Using Pareto curves in theenergy/opandmm2/(op/s)spaceallows one to quickly evaluate different accelerators, memorysystems, and even algorithms to understand the trade-offsbetween performance, power and die area. This analysis isa powerful way to optimize chips in the Dark Silicon era.
CS301 Final Term Current Paper
Cs301 Today paper
Q1.biner tree bnawa tha OS k levels btao.
Q2.carictrics of avl tree.
Q3.if node leaf and non leafe in binry tree then what the hight of tree of its depth is 7?
Q.4hight of nodes if hight is 5?
Q.6 [2 9 7 5 8] sort it.
Q.7 ik tree tha osko array mn conert krna tha.
Q8.crictristics of union method
Mostly mcqs and questions are from moazz files.
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The Linked List ADT
We have been using linked nodes to generate our structures for the Stack ADT and the Queue ADT. Now we will consider the linked list. As we have been using this structure for implementing the previous ADT structures, it is perhaps more constructive to look at a variation of the single linked list (known as the ‘sorted’ linked list).
The idea behind this type of list is that any element we put into the list will have to be put into the correct position by comparing some common value held in each of the nodes. So far the Stack ADT and the Queue ADT did not impose any ordering on the elements we added. If we were looking for a basic linked list, we could use these as the basis for the structure and operations. This is a task you might attempt for yourselves.
Our sorted linked list ADT will consist of the following primitive operations:
We would generally need a display operation for testing purposes to ensure that the elements are being put into the correct locations. However, the Sorted linked list is a linear structure so any processing done on the list has to be carried out in a linear manner. We must access the list through the Start link / pointer and the list has to be accessed/processed in the order that the nodes appear on the list.
As we have previously seen, one of the great advantages of the linked data structure is the ease with which it may be modified. Changing the structure does not involve moving the existing nodes. In order to delete a node we update the link / pointer of the node before it and point / link this to the node after it.
how table ADT can be implemented using linked list?
Mcqs mostly from moaz past paper and sub out fo tha
Avl tree zada question aye diagram k or table adt heap or hashing table equivalence expression theorom prove that 2 raise power h+1 _1 Wala or baqi short avl tree k thy …zada or function variable
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