PAK301 Assignment 1 Solution Spring 2021
Question No 1
Do you think that Two Nation Theory became the basis of creation or °Pakistan? Justify your
Answer with five relevant points.
The two-nation theory is the basis of the creation of Pakistan.
The Two-Nation Theory served as the basis of demand for Pakistan by the Muslims in British
India. There are two major nations in British India. The Muslims are not a community but a
Nation with a distinctive history, heritage, culture, civilization, and future aspirations.
5 Relevant Points:
- The Muslims wanted to preserve and protect their distinct identity and advance their interests
- They wanted to order their lives in accordance with their ideas and philosophy of life without
being overwhelmed by an unsympathetic majority.
- They demanded safeguards, constitutional guarantees, and a federal system of government
with powers to the provinces for the protection and advancement of their heritage, identity, and
- They demanded a separate state when neither the British nor the Hindu majority community
was willing to offer those guarantees and safeguards.
- Muslims and Hindus are two separate nations, with their own customs, religion, and traditions;
therefore, from social and moral points of view.
- They demanded separate electorates, but when they opined that Muslims would not be safe in
a Hindu-dominated India, they began to demand a separate state.
- The League demanded self-determination for Muslim-majority areas in the form of a
sovereign state promising minorities equal rights and safeguards in these Muslim majority areas.
Question No 2
What were the socio-economic and religious causes behind the War of independence (1857)?
Justify your answer with five relevant points.
The socio-economic and religious causes behind the War of Independence (1857):
5 Relevant Points:
- Rule of Law, socio-economic justice, equity and fair play.
- Equality of opportunity to all citizens irrespective of caste, sect, religion or region.
- Religious and Cultural tolerance.
- Respect for human dignity and rights.
- Protection of the rights and interests of non-Muslims and freedom to practice their beliefs and