• Humulin is produced by Genentech but marketed by Eli Lilly.
    Sir why Genentech did not market its product?

  • Cyberian's Gold

    @Asmara-Butt said in BT301 Lesson-1-14 Discussion:

    What is meant by biotechnology giant?
    briefly explain

    In Biotechnology Giants topic, you have been given information about the Big Biotechnology companies in the world and information about their assets, revenues and other details.


  • What is meant by biotechnology giant?
    briefly explain

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    @Asma-Nazir said in BT301 Lesson-1-14 Discussion:

    What ae biogen, genzyme and amgen these are the companies or products.
    If these are products for which purpose these are used?
    explain this topic

    These are some of the major Biotechnology companies.


  • What ae biogen, genzyme and amgen these are the companies or products.
    If these are products for which purpose these are used?
    explain this topic

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    @Asad_Varda said in BT301 Lesson-1-14 Discussion:

    As the instructor said there is prime designation of carbon molecule in a pentose sugar but 4 is not a prime number, then how the carbon at position 4 ciuld be a member of prime designation??

    You are a bit confused regarding the Prime mark. It is not just 3 prime or 5 prime. The carbons of the ribose are numbered 1 to 5. The prime mark is there to distinguish the carbons of the sugar from the carbons of the nucleicacid/base (which are labeled without a prime).


  • As the instructor said there is prime designation of carbon molecule in a pentose sugar but 4 is not a prime number, then how the carbon at position 4 ciuld be a member of prime designation??

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    @zaasmi said in BT301 Lesson-1-14 Discussion:

    What is Nucleosides???

    1. A nucleoside consists of a nitrogenous base covalently attached to a sugar (ribose or deoxyribose) but without the phosphate group.

    2. Nucleosides are glycosylamines that can be thought of as nucleotides without a phosphate group. A nucleoside consists simply of a nucleobase (also termed a nitrogenous base) and a five-carbon sugar ribose whereas a nucleotide is composed of a nucleobase, a five-carbon sugar, and one or more phosphate groups.
      Reff


  • What is Nucleosides???

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    @Asiya-Hanif said in BT301 Lesson-1-14 Discussion:

    AOA sir, sir please guide me how thymine converted in uracil in RNA structure? thanx

    Some researchers say that Uracil DNA glycosylases, specifically remove uracil from DNA that results from spontaneous deamination of cytosine. Mutant cells that lack this enzyme have a high rate of G≡C to A꞊T mutations. This glycosylase does not remove uracil residues from RNA or thymine residues from DNA. The capacity to distinguish thymine from uracil which is the product of cytosine deamination is necessary for the selective repair of the later taht may be one reason why DNA evolved to contains thymine instead of uracil while RNA contains uracil instead of thymine.


  • AOA sir, sir please guide me how thymine converted in uracil in RNA structure? thanx

  • Cyberian's Gold

    @zareen said in BT301 Lesson-1-14 Discussion:

    how blood vessles grow artificial method

    Although this research will further need proper experiments in future but still some work has been done. Three basic elements are generally required for the construction of an artificial vessel: a structural scaffold, made either of collagen or a biodegradable polymer; vascular cells, and a nurturing environment.

  • Cyberian's Gold

    how blood vessles grow artificial method

  • Cyberian's Gold

    @mehwish said in BT301 Lesson-1 Discussion:

    Please tells me the means of IPO?

    An initial public offering (IPO) refers to the process of offering shares of a private corporation to the public in a new stock issuance.

  • Cyberian Publisher's

    Please tells me the means of IPO?

  • Cyberian's Gold

    @zareen said in BT301 Lesson-1 Discussion:

    plz clearly explain the work of monoclonal antibody Tysbri???

    Tysabri is a medication used to treat multiple sclerosis and Crohn’s disease. It is a humanized monoclonal antibody against the cell adhesion molecule α4-integrin. It is given by intravenous infusion every 28 days. It has proven effective in treating the symptoms of both diseases, preventing relapse, vision loss, cognitive decline and significantly improving quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis.

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